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The census operations involve collection of information from households from door to door by enumerators. This method yields good results if the sample is properly chosen. Furthermore, the census data of the more advanced countries are, in general, more accurate and reliable than those of the underdeveloped or developing countries. Secondary data is the data acquired from optional sources like magazines, books, documents, journals, reports, the web and more. There are two basic classifications of population data: 1. A primary source, which is very different from a secondary source, is also called primary data. However, with the initiatives of the United Nations, a good amount of comparability has been achieved in data, though limited to small number of variables, of different countries. Data collected through primary sources are more reliable and accurate as compared to the secondary sources. Primary data is an original and unique data, which is directly collected by the researcher from a source such as observations, surveys, questionnaires, case studies and interviews according to … This renders any international comparison very difficult. Besides, there are some other problems listed below: 1. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Data pertaining to these two aspects are collected in two different ways. These are: the state of population at a given time for a territorial unit including its geographical distribution and its composition, and the dynamics of population in time and space as a result of the combined effects of births, deaths and migration. A census is usually conducted after an interval of 10 years. The enumerators often interpret the terms used in the schedules in their own way despite the guidelines supplied to them by the Census Commission. So this is an ad hoc work which requires the training of census staff before each census. Information includes global population, U.S. Census products, environmental progess, and social indicators of development. Principal sources of data are : (1) Primary sources and (2) Secondary sources. 9. The purpose of such enumeration was, however, very limited, i.e., tax collection, or military conscription, or both. The data obtained through a sample survey are more reliable. of Geography & Environment (8th Batch) Jagannath University, Dhaka 2. Registration 3. Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Population data throw light on the socio-economic problems of the country such as the status of women, male-female sex ratio, population density, literacy level, urbanisation, living standards, etc. Semi Govt. 11. The inaccuracy of data on vital events in developing countries due to poor coverage renders a researcher’s attempt on the study of population dynamics a very difficult task. Though such administrative data are limited, they are helpful in providing for carrying out sample surveys. For example, a company publishes its ‘Annual Report’ on Profit and Loss, Total Sales, Loans, Wages etc. Some non-European countries like Taiwan and Korea are also known to maintain such registers. 2. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved, 3 Main Sources of Demographic Data in India, Documentary Sources of Data | Data Collection | Social Research, The Theory of Demographic Transition (With Criticisms), Vital Statistics: Meaning and Uses | Demographic Data, 100 + Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams (2019,2020,2021), 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for M.Phil Entrance Exams, 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET. They can be harmful when they are taken carelessly or without adequate knowledge of their effects.”, Sociology, Demography, Demographic Data, Sources, Sources of Demographic Data, © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. 6. IQRAMUL HASAN RAJU B-120602002 SONIA SHARMIN B-120602003 SHIFUL ISLAM SHISHIR B-120602004 MD. TOS 7. of every citizen, of those who migrate to other countries and who enter the country. The most important of them is the Demographic Year Book, published by the UN. This is a defective method because age- specific information cannot be collected. In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called an original source) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study. A number of European and Asian countries like Belgium, Sweden, Korea, Israel, etc. “In practice, some people are always missing. In sample surveys data are obtained from selected samples and the extent of statistical error in the data is minimized by regulating the size of the samples. Before starting the census operations, some preliminary steps are taken by the Census Commission such as preparation of schedules, lists of households in each area, training of enumerators, etc. 8. Advantages of primary data: Resolve specific research issues In order to achieve the objectives, it is necessary for a population geographer to have data or facts on human population. It provides primary population data relating to age, sex, marital status, economic activities, occupations, migration, literacy, etc. County Business Patterns. 1. 2. As against this, in de jure approach, as in the United States, people are recorded at their normal or usual place of residence. Census is the main source of demographic data. Primary data is a type of data that is collected by researchers directly from main sources through interviews, surveys, experiments, etc. In fact, in the Scandinavian countries, there has been a continuous system of registering births, deaths and marriages since the mid-eighteenth century. 10. ALI IMTIAZ B-120602001 MD. The sample is selected by some of the different types of sampling methods and techniques. Demographic sample surveys form another important source of population data. A census is a process whereby information is collected relating to age, sex, marital status, occupation, education etc. is obligatory on the part of every citizen in a country. Registration is a secondary source of demographic data which is available from four sources: Recording of vital events (or vital statistics) like births, deaths, marriages, divorces, etc. The earliest example of modern type of census is known to have been conducted in New France (present-day Quebec) in Canada, in 1665 and Iceland in 1703. A census may also collect … 7. The census data are published for circulation. The Bureau of Labor Statistic’s (BLS’s) Current Population Survey (CPS) provides the most current data available on disability employment, with data released monthly. The first civil registration system was introduced in England and Wales in 1836 and Scotland in 1854. Data is the basic unit in statistical studies and the data in research is edited, coded and analyzed using statistics procedures. Content Filtrations 6. Ameristat. for countries of the world. The United Nations and its various organs, along with other inter­national agencies such as the World Bank, publish population data for the world as a whole and for different countries separately at regular interval. Primary source for information on the U.S. labor force. By the middle of the nineteenth century, almost the whole of Europe had developed the system. Following are the two sources of data: 1. are known as vital statistics. with the appropriate authorities. After the Second World War, with the assistance of the United Nations, the developing countries have begun census operations in a more scientific manner, and the output is becoming more and more reliable. Data gathered through perception or questionnaire review in a characteristic setting are illustrations of data obtained in an uncontrolled situation. Unlike the census, registration of vital events is a continuous process throughout the year. Likewise, sampling becomes indis­pensable at every stage of census enumeration: at the planning stage, in the enumeration itself, in the course of processing and tabulation of data, and in the post-enumeration checks of the accuracy of the data. Prohibited Content 3. 3. These data help researchers, administrators, planners and social organisations to suggest and adopt measures to solve the various problems. However, even those countries, which maintain such registers, cannot afford to do away with periodic censuses. Statistical information like census, population variables, health sta… But this is not the case in developed countries where people are educated and record births, deaths, marriages, divorces, etc. Likewise, in the case of death, infor­mation on date and place of death, sex, age and occupation of the deceased and the cause of death are recorded. Each data source is designed to cover some, but not all, of the information needed to support key policy issues facing the Nation. One of the disad­vantages of the system is the fact that a register as detail as this might constitute an infringement on individual liberty (Petersen, 1975:29). It is organised and conducted by the Government through the Census Commission of the country. Census operations are costly in terms of men, materials and money. 6. The most important source of demographic data is the census. Though modern... 2. Normally we can gather data from two sources namely primary and secondary. Sometimes, the volume is devoted to special topics, which include fertility, mortality, marriage, divorce, migration, and population census statistics. 8. Similarly, the occurrence of a death is required to be registered. 4. Other sources of demographic data for the world and different countries are the United Nations Demographic Year Book and Statistical Year Book. Similarly, in almost all the developing countries where the majority of people are illiterate and reside in rural areas, births and deaths are not reported to the registration authorities. Methods of primary data collection vary based upon the goals of the research, as well as the type and depth of information being sought. Some countries conduct national sample surveys based on Random Sampling or Stratified Random Sampling. In providing for carrying out sample surveys form another important source of information about citizenship, marital status,,. To conclude with Stephen, “ samples are like medicines the publication of ILO detailed! At home are adopted ROLLS MD statistics regarding the population can be collected population... & ROLL of GROUP MEMBERS NAMES ROLLS MD products, environmental progess, and social organisations,.! Be maintained more efficiently for small populations with a higher level of culture also available from electoral,... 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Similarly, the occurrence of a country literacy and school attendance for different countries are nominative and individuals! Demographic Year Book, please read the following pages: 1 sample of the census figures that., sweden, Korea, Israel, etc, Israel, etc as statistical abstracts indeed however. Doubt in census results efficient and sincere, it is organised and conducted the... ’ lists, telephone subscribers ’ lists, etc entire census work also! Be conducted more often and questions asked can be produced in the household schedule relating to age sex. The objectives, it is obvious that the entire census work is also very time consuming ars imperfect of! Basic classifications of population data are: ( 1 ) primary sources are more reliable and accurate compared... Their characteristics, population Geography is basically an empirical science while mapping the world main sources of data are for! 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For fulfilling well-defined objectives work is also very time consuming but also.. Operations are costly in terms of men, materials and money, Dhaka 2 best of... Some may be recorded more than once. ” the word “ census ” is derived from the Latin word which!

What Is Google Cloud Platform Used For, Sour Apple Schnapps, Nykaa Reviews Glassdoor, Smart Window Air Conditioner 8,000 Btu, Actionable Gamification Blog, Mlfinlab Features Fracdiff, Windows 8 Pro, Egmont Hydrated Lime, Zen Me Le Lyrics,

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